British philosopher, mathematician, historian, writer, and political activist Bertrand Russell was born on 18 May 1872 at Ravenscroft, Trellech, Monmouthshire, into an influential and liberal family of the British aristocracy. He received his Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his varied and significant writings in which he champions humanitarian ideals and freedom of thought." Russell is generally credited with being one of the founders of analytic philosophy. He was particularly prolific in the field of metaphysics, the logic and the philosophy of mathematics and the philosophy of language. Considered to be one of the most important philosophical works of all time, the History of Western Philosophy is a dazzlingly unique exploration of the ideologies of significant philosophers throughout the ages. The book was written during the Second World War, having its origins in a series of lectures on the history of philosophy that Russell gave at the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia during 1941 and 1942. Much of the historical research was done by Russell's third wife Patricia. The book was published in 1945 in the United States and a year later in the UK. This essential introduction to philosophy is engaging, entertaining and filled with Russell’s passion for the subject. Written by a man who changed the history of philosophy himself, this is an account that has never been rivalled since its first publication over 60 years ago. You can listen online to free English audiobook “History of Western Philosophy” by Bertrand Russell on our website.